women, discrimination, health law, medical ethics, treatment
In general, women report more severe levels of pain, more frequent incidences of pain, and pain of longer duration than men, but are nonetheless treated for pain less aggressively. The authors investigate this paradox from two perspectives: Do men and women in fact experience pain differently - whether biologically, cognitively, and/or emotionally? And regardless of the answer, what accounts for the differences in the pain treatment they receive, and what can we do to correct this situation?
29 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 13 (2001).
Bioethics and Medical Ethics | Health Law and Policy