Jon S.T. Quah


After becoming the General Secretary of the CCP and Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) at the 18th Party Congress in November 2012, Xi launched an anti-corruption campaign to eliminate the “tigers and flies” who had become rich through bribery and patronage.

According to Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) of 2012, China was ranked 80th among 176 countries with a score of 39/100. China’s performance did not improve significantly in 2013 and dropped significantly from 80th to 100th position in 2014 with a decrease in its score from 40 to 36.

Is China’s significant decline in its CPI ranking and score from 2012 to 2014 a reflection that Xi’s anticorruption campaign is ineffective and not reaping the expected results? This monograph addresses this question by evaluating the effectiveness of Xi’s campaign during its first 28 months from my perspective as a public administration scholar who has studied anti-corruption strategies in many Asian countries for 38 years. My evaluation identifies the strengths and weaknesses in Xi’s campaign and makes policy recommendations for enhancing the effectiveness of China’s anti-corruption strategy.

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